All journal articles and book chapters by Rick Michod are available for download on ResearchGate.

Shelton D. E., M. P. Leslie, R. E. Michod. 2016. Models of cell division initiation in Chlamydomonas: A challenge to the consensus view. Journal of Theoretical Biology 412: 186. Download PDF.

Durand P. M., S. Sym, R. E. Michod. 2016. Programmed Cell Death and Complexity in Microbial Systems. Current Biology 26: R587. Download PDF.

Hanschen E. R., T. N. Marriage, P. J. Ferris, T. Hamaji, A. Toyoda, A. Fujiyama, R. Neme, H. Noguchi, Y. Minakuchi, M. Suzuki, H. Kawai-Toyooka, D. R. Smith, H. Sparks, J. Anderson, R. Bakarić, V. Luria, A. Karger, M. W. Kirschner, P. M. Durand, R. E. Michod, H. Nozaki, B. J. S. C. Olson. 2016. The Gonium pectorale genome demonstrates co-option of cell cycle regulation during the evolution of multicellularity. Nature Communications 7: 11370. Download PDF.

Maliet O., D. E. Shelton, R. E. Michod. 2015. A model for the origin of group reproduction during the evolutionary transition to multicellularity. Biology Letters 11: 20150157. Download PDF.

Rashidi A., D. E. Shelton, R. E. Michod. 2015. A Darwinian approach to the origin of life cycles with group properties. Theoretical Population Biology 102: 76-84. Download PDF.

Hanschen E. R., D. E. Shelton, R. E. Michod. 2015. Evolutionary transitions in individuality and recent models of multicellularity. Pp. 165-188 in A. M. Nedelcu and I. Ruiz-Trillo, eds. Evolutionary Transitions to Multicellular Life: Principles and mechanisms. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. Download PDF.

Herron, M. D., S. Ghimire, C. R. Vinikoor, and R. E. Michod. 2015. Fitness trade-offs and developmental constraints in the evolution of soma: an experimental study in a volvocine alga. Evolutionary Ecology Research 16: 203-221. Download PDF.

Hanschen, E. R., P. J. Ferris, R. E. Michod. 2014. Early Evolution of the Genetic Basis for Soma in the Volvocaceae. Evolution 58: 2014-2025. Download PDF.

Shelton, D. E. and R. E. Michod. 2014. Group selection and group adaptation during a major evolutionary transition: insights from the evolution of multicellularity in the volvocine algae. Biological Theory 9: 452-469. Download PDF.

Shelton, D. E. and R. E. Michod. 2014. Levels of selection and the formal Darwinism project. Biology and Philosophy 29: 217-224. Download PDF.

Durand, P., R. Choudhury, A. Rashidi, and R. E. Michod. 2014. Programmed death in a unicellular organism has species-specific fitness effects. Proceedings Royal Society, Biology Letters 10: 20131088. Download PDF.

Smith, D. R., T. Hamaji, B. J. S. C. Olson, P. D. Durand, P. Ferris, R. E. Michod, H. Nozaki, J. Featherston, and P. J. Keeling. 2013. Organelle genome complexity scales positively with organism size in volvocine green algae. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 793-797. Download PDF.

Shelton, D. E., A. G. Desnitskiy, and R. E. Michod. 2012. Distributions of reproductive and somatic cell numbers in diverse Volvox (Chlorophyta) species. Evolutionary Ecology Research 14: 707-727. Download PDF.

Bernstein H., C. Bernstein, and R. E. Michod. 2012. DNA repair as the primary adaptive function of sex in bacteria and eukaryotes. Chapter 1 in DNA Repair: New Research. Editors: Sakura Kimura and Sora Shimizu. Series: DNA and RNA: Properties and Modifications, Functions and Interactions, Recombination and Applications. Nova Publishers.

Michod, R. E. 2011. Diversity in the Epistemology Group: Ernst von Glasersfeld and the Question of Adaptation. Constructivist Foundations. Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 162-163.

Durand, P. and R. E. Michod. 2011. What is life and why, how and when did it begin? Journal of Cosmology, Vol. 16, pp. 7050-7055. Download PDF.

Solari C. A., K. Drescher, S. Ganguly, J. O. Kessler, R. E. Michod, and R. E. Goldstein. 2011. Flagellar phenotypic plasticity of volvocalean algae correlates with Péclet number. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 8: 1409-1417. Download PDF.

Bernstein H., C. Bernstein, and R. E. Michod. 2011. Meiosis as an Evolutionary Adaptation for DNA Repair. Chapter 19 in DNA Repair, edited by Inna Kruman. InTech - Open Access Publisher, Slavka Krautzeka, Croatia. Download PDF.

Abbot, P. et al. 2011. Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality. Nature (brief communications arising). 471: E1-E2. Download PDF.

Ferriere, R. and R. E. Michod. 2011. Inclusive fitness in evolution. Nature (brief communications arising). 471: E7-E8. Download PDF.

Durand, P. A. Rashidi, and R. E. Michod. 2011. How an organism dies affects the fitness of its neighbors. The American Naturalist, Vol. 177, No. 2 (February 2011), pp. 224-232. Download PDF.

Michod, R. E. 2011. Sex and multicellularity as evolutionary transitions in individuality. In: Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited, edited by B. Calcott and K. Sterelny. MIT Press, Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology. Download PDF.

Nedelcu, A. M. and R. E. Michod. 2011. Molecular mechanisms of life history trade-offs and the evolution of multicellular complexity in volvocalean green algae. In T. Flatt and A. Heyland (eds.), Mechanisms of Life History Evolution. The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs. Pages 271-283. Oxford Univ Press.

Roze, D. and R. E. Michod. 2010. Deleterious mutations and selection for sex in finite diploid populations. Genetics, 184: 1095-1112. Download PDF.

Herron, M. D., A. G. Desnitskiy, and R. E. Michod. 2010. Evolution of developmental programs in Volvox (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 46: 316–324. Download PDF.

Durand, P. and R. E. Michod. 2010. Genomics in light of evolutionary transitions. Evolution. 64: 1533–1540. Download PDF.

Shelton, D. E. and R. E. Michod. 2009. Philosophical foundations for the hierarchy of life (Book review of Evolution and the Levels of Selection by Samir Okasha). Biology and Philosophy 25: 391-403. Download PDF.

Michod, R. E. 2009. Socialite et sexe: Coopération et conflit: des molécules aux sociétés. In Aux origines du sexe. Edited by A. Civard-Racinais and P. H. Gouyon. Paris: Fayard.

Herron, M. D., J. D. Hackett, F. O. Aylward, and R. E. Michod. 2009. Triassic origin and early radiation of multicellular volvocine algae. PNAS, USA 106: 3254-3258. Download PDF.

Solari, C. A., R. E. Michod, and R. E. Goldstein. 2008. Volvox barberi, the fastest swimmer of the Volvocales (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 44: 1395–1398.

Herron, M. D. and R. E. Michod. 2008. Evolution of complexity in the volvocine algae: transitions in individuality through Darwin's eye. Evolution. 262: 436–451.

Michod, R. E., H. Bernstein, and A. M. Nedelcu. 2008. Adaptive value of sex in microbial pathogens. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Vol. 8, Issue 3, May 2008, Pages 267-285.

Michod, R. E. 2007. Evolution of individuality during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. In: In the light of evolution: Volume 1. Adaptation and complex design, edited by J. C. Avise and F. J. Ayala, Washington, D. C.: The National Academies Press, p. 129-144.

Michod, R. E. 2007. Evolution of individuality during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 8613–8618.

Nedelcu A. M., Michod R. E. 2006. The evolutionary origin of an altruistic gene in Volvox carteri. Molecular Biology and Evolution 8: 1460-1464.

Michod, R. E. 2006. The group covariance effect and fitness trade-offs during evolutionary transitions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 9113-9117.

Michod R. E., Herron M. D. 2006. Cooperation and conflict during evolutionary transitions in individuality. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 1406-1409.

Solari, C. A., S. Ganguly, J. O. Kessler, R. E. Michod, and R. E. Goldstein. 2006. Multicellularity and the functional interdependence of motility and molecular transport. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 1353-1358.

Solari, C. A., J. O. Kessler, and R. E. Michod. 2006. A hydrodynamics approach to the evolution of multicellularity: Flagellar motility and cell differentiation in volvocalean green algae. The American Naturalist 167: 537-554. Received President’s Award as best paper published in 2006 in American Naturalist.

Michod, R. E., Y. Viossat, C. A. Solari, A. M. Nedelcu, and M. Hurrand. 2006. Life history evolution and the origin of multicellularity. Journal of Theoretical Biology 239: 257-272.

Michod, R. E. (2005). On the transfer of fitness from the cell to the multicellular organism. Biology and Philosophy 20, 967-987.

Michod, R. E. 2005. John Maynard Smith. Annual Review of Genetics 39: 1-8.

Nedelcu, A. M., O. Marcu, and R. E. Michod. 2004. Sex as a response to oxidative stress: a two-fold increase in cellular reactive oxygen species activates sex genes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 271: 1591-1596.

Nedelcu, A. M. and R. E. Michod. 2003. Sex as a response to oxidative stress: The effect of antioxidants on sexual induction in a facultatively sexual lineage. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl. ) 270: S136-S139

Lachmann, M., N. W. Blackstone, D. Haig, A. Kowald, R. E. Michod, E. Szathmáry, J. H. Werren, and L. Wolpert. 2003. Group Report: Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of genomes, cells, and multicellular organisms. Pages 327-356 in P. Hammerstein, ed. Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Nedelcu, A. M. and R. E. Michod. 2003. Evolvability, modularity, and individuality during the transition to multicellularity in volvocalean green algae. Pages 466-489 in G. Schlosser and G. P. Wagner, eds. Modularity in development and evolution. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago.

Michod, R. E., A. M. Nedelcu, and D. Roze. 2003. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of individuality IV. Conflict mediation and evolvability in Volvox carteri. BioSystems 69: 95-114.

Michod, R. E. 2003. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of complexity. In H. Lipson, E. K. Antonsson, and J. R. Koza, eds. Computational Synthesis: From basic building blocks to high level functionality. AAAI Press, Stanford, CA.

Michod, R. E. and A. M. Nedelcu. 2003. Cooperation and conflict during the unicellular-multicellular and prokaryotic-eukaryotic transitions. Pages 195-208 in A. Moya and E. Font, eds. Evolution: From molecules to ecosystems. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Michod, R. E. and A. M. Nedelcu. 2003. On the reorganization of fitness during evolutionary transitions in individuality. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43: 64-73.

Michod, R. E. 2003. Cooperation and conflict mediation during the origin of multicellularity. Pages 261-307 in P. Hammerstein, ed. Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Roze, D. and R. E. Michod. 2001. Mutation load, multi-level selection and the evolution of propagule size during the origin of multicellularity. The American Naturalist 158: 638-654.

Michod, R. E. and D. Roze. 2001. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of multicellularity. Heredity 81: 1-7.

Michod, R. E. and D. Roze. 2000. Some aspects of reproductive mode and the origin of multicellularity. Selection 1: 97-109.

Ferriere, R. and R. E. Michod. 2000. Wave patterns in spatial games and the evolution of cooperation. Pages 318-335 in U. Dieckmann, R. Law, and J. A. J. Metz, eds. The geometry of ecological interactions. Simplifying spatial complexity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Michod, R. E. 1999. Individuality, immortality and sex. Pages 53-74 in L. Keller, ed. Levels of selection in evolution. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Michod, R. E. and D. Roze. 1999. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of individuality. III. Transitions in the unit of fitness. Pages 47-92 in C. L. Nehaniv, ed. Mathematical and Computational Biology: Computational Morphogenesis, Hierarchical Complexity, and Digital Evolution. American Mathematical Society, Providence, Rhode Island.

Michod, R. E. 1999. Darwinian Dynamics, Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J.

Ferriere, R. and R. E. Michod. 1998. The analysis of wave patterns predicts cooperation in spatially distributed populations. In: Advances in Adaptive Dynamics, edited by U. Dieckmann and J. A. J. Metz, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Michod, R. E. 1998. The evolution of sex (reply to letter from reader). The Sciences 38: 47-48.

Michod, R. E. 1998. Commentary, evolution of individuality. J. evol. Biol. 11: 225-227.

Michod, R. E. 1998. Origin of sex for error repair. III. Selfish Sex. Theor. Popul. Biol. 53: 60-74.

Michod, R. E. 1997. What good is sex? The Sciences. September/October 37: 42-46.

Michod, R. E. and D. Roze. 1997 Transitions in individuality. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lon. B. 264: 853-857.

Michod, R. E. 1997. Evolution of the individual. Am. Nat. 150: S5-S21.

Michod, R. E. 1997. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of individuality. I. Multi-level selection of the organism. Am. Nat. 149: 607-645.

Michod, R. E. 1996. Cooperation and conflict in the evolution of individuality. II. Conflict mediation. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lon. B. 263: 813-822.

Ferriere, R. and R. E. Michod. 1996. Spatial structure and the evolution of cooperation. Am. Nat. 147: 692-717

Michod, R. E. 1995. Eros and Evolution: A Natural Philosophy of Sex. Addison-Wesley Publishing, pp. 241.

Ferriere, R. and R. E. Michod. 1995. Invading wave of cooperation in spatial iterated prisoner’s dilemma. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 259: 77-83.

Michod, R. E. and A. Long. 1995. Origin of sex for error repair. II. Rarity and extreme environments. Theor. Popul. Biol. 46: 56-81.

Long, A. and R. E. Michod. 1995. Origin of sex for error repair. I. Sex, diploidy and haploidy. Theor. Popul. Biol. 47: 18-55.

Michod, R. E. 1994. Book Review of Ecological Genetics, L. A. Real (Ed.). Science 266: 468-469.

Michod, R. E. and T. Gayley. 1994. Genetic error, heterozygosity and the evolution of the sexual life cycle. In Some mathematical questions in biology: Evolution of Haploid and Diploid Life Cycles, Lectures on Mathematics and the Life Sciences. 25: 97-119. American Mathematical Society.

Michod, R. E. and M. F. Wojciechowski. 1994. DNA repair and the evolution of transformation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. IV. DNA damage increases transformation. J. Evol. Bio. 7: 147-175.

Michod, R. E. 1993. Genetic error, sex, and diploidy. Journal of Heredity. 84: 360-371.

Hechtor, M., L. Nadel, R. E. Michod (Editors). 1993. The Origin of Values, Aldine de Gruyter, Hawthorne, N. Y. pp. 342.

Michod, R. E. 1993. Biology and the origin of values. In The Origin of Values (Editors Hechtor, M. , L. Nadel, R. E. Michod), Aldine de Gruyter, Hawthorne, N. Y.

Michod, R. E. 1993. Inbreeding and the evolution of social behavior. N. Wilmsen Thornhill and W. M. Shields (Editors), The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives, The Univ. of Chicago Press.

Hudson, R. and R. E. Michod. 1992. DNA Trasformation, Evolution. The Encyclopedia of Microbiology J. Lederberg (Editors). Academic Press, Inc. Orlando, Florida.

Michod, R. E. and T. Gayley. 1992. Masking of mutations and the evolution of sex. Am. Nat. 139: 706-734.

Hoelzer, M. A. and R. E. Michod. 1991. DNA repair and the evolution of transformation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. III: Sex with damaged DNA. Genetics 128: 215-223.

Michod, R. E. 1991. Sex and evolution. Pages 285-320 in 1990 Lectures in Complex Systems, Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, Lect. Vol III, Eds Lynn Nadel and Daniel Stein, Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley.

Byerly, H. C. and R. E. Michod. 1991. Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation: A Response. Biology and Philosophy 6, 45-53.

Byerly, H. C. and R. E. Michod. 1991. Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation. Biology and Philosophy 6, 1-22.

Gayley, T. and R. E. Michod. 1990. Modification of genetic constraints to frequency-dependent selection. Am. Nat. 136: 406-427.

Michod, R. E. and O. Hasson. 1990. On the evolution of informational cues based on fitness. Am. Nat. 135: 788-808.

Michod, R. E. 1990. Sex as a conservative force in evolution. Chapter 18, pages 235-251, in Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution, J. Maynard Smith and G. Vida (Eds. ), Proceedings in Nonlinear Science, Theory and Applications, Manchester University.

Michod, R. E. 1990. Neural Edelmanism (letter to the editor, Reply to Francis Crick). Trends Neurosci. 13: 12-13.

Michod, R. E. 1990. Evolution of sex (letter to the editor, Reply to Brian Charlesworth). Trends Ecol. Evol 5: 30.

Michod, R. E., M. F. Wojciechowski, and M. A. Hoelzer. 1989. Origin of sex in prokaryotes. In M. Clegg and S. Clark (editors) Molecular Evolution, UCLA Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology, New Series, Volume 122.

Michod, R. E. 1989. Darwinian selection in the brain. Book review of Neural Darwinism The Theory of Neuronal Group Selection by G. M. Edelman. Evolution 43: 694-696.

Wojciechowski, M. F. , M. A. Hoelzer, R. E. Michod. 1989. DNA repair and the evolution of transformation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. II: Role of Inducible Repair. Genetics. 121: 411-422.

Michod, R. E. 1989. What’s love got to do with it? The solution to one of evolution’s greatest riddles. The Sciences, May/June.

Bernstein, H., F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1989. The role of DNA repair in sexual reproduction, pp. 3-18, In Rasa, C. Vogel and E. Voland (eds. ) Sociobiology of Reproductive Strategies in Animals and Man. Chapman and Hall. London, England.

Hopf, F., R. E. Michod, M. J. Sanderson. 1988. The effect of reproductive system on mutation load. Theor. Popul. Biol. 33: 243-265.

Michod, R. E., M. F. Wojciechowski, and M. A. Hoelzer. 1988. DNA repair and the evolution of transformation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Genetics 118: 31-39.

Michod, R. E. and B. Levin (editors). 1988. Evolution of Sex: An Examination of Current Ideas. Sinauer Associates.

Bernstein, H., F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1988. Is meiotic recombination an adaptation for repairing DNA, producing genetic variation, or both? In Michod, R. E. and B. R. Levin (editors) Evolution of Sex: An Examination of Current Ideas Sinauer Associates.

Michod, R. E. 1987. Book review of Origins of Sex by L. Margulis and D. Sagan. American Scientist. 75: 536-537.

Bernstein, H., F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1987. Molecular basis of sex. Advances in Genetics. Volume 24, pp. 323-361.

Michod, R. E. 1986. On adaptedness and fitness and their role in evolutionary explanation. J. History Biology. 19: 289-302.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1985. Sex and the emergence of species. J. Theor. Biol. 117: 665-690.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1985. DNA repair and complementation: the major factors in the origin and maintenance of sex. In H. O. Halvorson, E. Adelberg, N. Zinder (Editors). Origin and Evolution of Sex, pp. 29-45. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York.

Michod, R. E. and M. Sanderson. 1985. Behavioural structure and the evolution of social behavior. In P. J. Greenwood and M. Slatkin (Editors) Evolution - Essays in Honour of John Maynard Smith; Chapter 7, pp. 95-104. Cambridge University Press.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1985. DNA damage, mutation and the evolution of sex. Science 229: 1277-1281.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1985. The evolutionary role of recombinational repair and sex. International Review of Cytology 96: 1-28.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod. 1984. Origin of Sex. J. Theor. Biol. 110: 323-351.

Michod, R. E. 1984. Book review of Molecular Theory of Evolution by Bernd-Olaf Küppers. Quart. Rev. Biol. 59: 171-172.

Michod, R. E. 1984. Genetic constraints on adaptation, with special reference to social behavior. Pages 253-279 in P. W. Price, C. N. Slobodchikoff and W. S. Gaud (Editors) The New Ecology: Novel Approaches to Interactive Systems, Wiley, New York.

Michod, R. E. 1983. Book Review of The Extended Phenotype: The Gene as the Unit of Selection by Richard Dawkins. Am. Scientist. 71: 525-526.

Bernstein, H., H. Byerly, F. Hopf, R. E. Michod and K. Vemulapalli. 1983. The Darwinian dynamic. Quart. Rev. Biol. 58: 185-207.

Sanderson, M. and R. E. Michod. 1983. Book Review of Cultural Transmission and Evolution: A Quantitative Approach by L. L. Cavall: -Sforza and M. Feldman. Animal Behavior 31: 956-958.

Michod, R. E. 1983. Evolution of the First Replicators. Amer. Zool. 23: 5-14.

Brown, J. S., Sanderson, M. and R. E. Michod. 1982. Evolution of social behavior by reciprocation. J. Theor. Biol. 99: 319-339. Reprinted as “Die evolution sozialen verhaltens durch reziprozitt” in Evolution und Spieltheorie, 1990. H. Mueller (Editors).

Torro, M., R. Abugov, B. Charlesworth and R. E. Michod. 1982. Exact versus heuristic models of kin selection. J. Theor. Biol. 97-699-713.

Michod, R. E. 1982. Book Review of The Genetics of Altruism by Boorman, S. A. and P. R. Levitt. J. Anim. Behaviour 30: 308-309.

Michod, R. E. 1982. The theory of kin selection. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13: 23-55.

Michod, R. E. 1981. Book Review of Evolution in Age-Structured Populations by Brian Charlesworth. Science 212: 154-155.

Abugov, R. and R. E. Michod. 1981. On the relation of family-structured models and inclusive fitness models for kin selection. J. Theor. Biol. 88: 743-754.

Bernstein, H., G. S. Byers and R. E. Michod. 1981. The evolution of sexual reproduction: the importance of DNA repair, complementation, and variation. Am. Nat. 117: 537-549.

Michod, R. E. 1981. Positive heuristics in evolutionary biology. British J. Phil. Science 32: 1-36.

Michod, R. E. and W. D. Hamilton. 1980. Coefficients of relatedness in sociobiology. Nature 288: 694-697.

Michod, R. E. 1980. Evolution of interactions in family-structured populations: mixed mating models. Genetics 96: 275-296.

Michod, R. E. 1980. Evolution in structured populations. Review of The Natural Selection of Populations and Communities by D. S. Wilson. Evolution 34: 1034-1036.

Michod, R. E. and R. Abugov. 1980. Adaptive topography in family-structured models of kin selection. Science 210: 667-669.

Michod, R. E. 1980. Book Review of Theory of Population Genetics and Evolutionary Ecology: An Introduction by Jonathan Roughgarden. Quarterly Review of Biology. 55(1): 69-70.

Michod, R. E. and W. W. Anderson. 1980. On calculating demographic parameters from age frequency data. Ecology 61(2): 265-269.

Michod, R. E. 1979. Genetical aspects of kin selection: effects of inbreeding. J. Theor. Biol. 81: 223-233.

Michod, R. E. and W. W. Anderson. 1979. Measures of genetic relationship and the concept of inclusive fitness. Am. Nat. 114: 637-647.

Michod, R. E. 1979. Evolution of life histories in response to age-specific mortality factors. Am. Nat. 113: 531-550.

Richards, J., R. E. Michod and J. Messer. 1978. Annotated bibliography. In The Recombinant DNA: Science, Ethics and Politics (J. Richards, ed. ) pp. 337-364. Academic Press.

Anderson, W. W., F. J. Ayala and R. E. Michod. 1977. Chromosomal and allozymic diagnosis of three species of Drosophila. J. of Heredity 68: 71-74.